The first human divergences: Khoekhoe and San

Brigitte PakendorfDR1, DDL, CNRS and Université Lyon 2, Lyon, France

Khoisan diversity from a linguistic, genetic and cultural perspective

Brigitte Pakendorf obtained a PhD degree in Molecular Anthropology at the University of Hamburg, Germany, in 2001 and a PhD degree in Linguistics at the University of Leiden, Netherlands, in 2007. After leading the interdisciplinary Max Planck Research Group on Comparative Population Linguistics at the MPI for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, from 2007 through 2011, she has been a senior scientist at the CNRS research unit “Dynamique du Langage” in Lyon, France, since 2012. Her research focuses on the interdisciplinary study of population history, especially in Siberia and southern Africa, the investigation of language contact in Siberia (in particular involving the Turkic language Sakha (Yakut) and the Tungusic language Even), as well as on the documentation and description of Even and its moribund sister, Negidal. She has conducted numerous field trips to collect genetic samples in the Solomon Islands, Siberia, and southern Africa, as well as extensive linguistic fieldwork in various locations of Yakutia, in central Kamchatka, and on the Lower Amur river of the Russian Far East. Website.

Mattias Jakobsson, Professor, Human Evolution, Uppsala University, Sweden

Ancient genomes from southern Africa push modern human emergence to 300,000 years ago

Mattias Jakobsson has a broad interest in population genetics and human evolution. His lab uses computational approaches for deciphering complex patterns of large-scale human genomic variation from both modern-day and ancient humans in order to understand human evolutionary history. The lab focus on interrogating long-standing questions in human evolution, including the colonization and migration in Stone Age Eurasia and the population history of sub-Saharan Africans. Website.

Michael de Jongh, Professor, University of South Africa, South Africa

Human Diversity – forgotten communities of the African mosaic

Michael de Jongh is Professor Emeritus and Research Fellow in the Department of Anthropology and Archaeology at the University of South Africa, has published widely, and presented scientific papers nationally and internationally in the fields of ethnicity, urbanisation, traditional leadership, land rights, minorities and human mobility. The National Research Foundation listed him as a rated researcher. More recently he has researched extensively the ”forgotten” first people of South Africa. His book “Roots and Routes–the Karretjie People of the Great Karoo” was listed for the Alan Paton Prize for non-fiction and was awarded the Hiddingh-Curry Literary Award for academic excellence and service to society. His more recent books are “A Forgotten First People–the Southern Cape Hessequa” (2016) and “The Forgotten front–untold stories of the Anglo-Boer War” (2018)–which chronicles the previously disregarded role of ‘other’ South African people and communities in the war. Michael currently functions from Plettenberg Bay in the Western Cape and values living at the coast. Website.